Environmental Impacts

Environmental Impacts of Production and the Supply Chain

This topic of sustinability highlights the impacts on local environments and ecosystems as a result of materials extraction, processing, product manufacture and logistics. It covers a number of topics including:

  • Impact on climate, water and biodiversity
  • Material sourcing, resource efficient supply chains, design and manufacture
  • Deforestation and land management
  • Air quality and pollution

Impact Climate


Water and Biodiversity


Material Sourcing


Resource Efficiecy Throughout the Supply Chain


Product Manufacture and Logistics


This impact goal aligns with the internationally recognised Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs):

  • 2 - End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture;
  • 6 - Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all;
  • 9 - Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation;
  • 10 - Reduce inequality within and among countries;
  • 12 - Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns;
  • 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development;
  • 15 - Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

Definitions, legal requirements with any related guidance

Methodologies, any available online tools, accreditations

Challenges and practical tips for companies

Examples of voluntary initiatives, case studies, innovations and technologies

Key Performance Indicators

What are members doing?

Of CTPA's 175 current members and associates, 135 initiatives are being undertaken by 55 different companies (as noted in 2019). For every company that lists environmental goals for 2020, no member has sought to lower their reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions by less than 15%. Our members are also working with some of the worlds leading environmental stakeholders and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) including Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF).

Of the initiatives that fit into either SDGs 6 or 14, only 29 initiatives were found. However, water use within the production, distribution and final use of products is an area where the industry has the potential to make further improvement.