Key Facts about the Cosmetics Industry
- The CTPA represents manufacturers, distributors, retailers and wholesalers as well as suppliers of ingredients and services; covering around 80% by value of the UK market in finished cosmetic products.
- The UK cosmetics market was worth £8,356 million in 2011 (at retail sales price), the fourth largest market in the EU.
- The EU cosmetics market was worth EUR 67 billion at retail sales price in 2010 – representing one-third of the global cosmetics market (a little more than the US and Japanese markets combined).
- More than 4000 companies operate in the EU cosmetics industry, two-thirds of which are SMEs (small, medium-sized enterprises).
- The cosmetics industry is science-led, constantly seeking to further understand how the skin and body works to provide improved and innovative products that respond to on-going changes in the environment and consumer lifestyles.
- Every year a quarter of all cosmetic products on the market are improved or are developed completely new; with over 17,000 scientists employed throughout Europe, cosmetics accounted for 10% of all patents granted in the EU in 2009.
- Each product is assessed for safety by a properly qualified safety assessor who looks at the quality of the individual ingredients, the manufacturing process, the quality control and considers the way the product will be used, by whom and in combination with what other products. This safety assessment has to be in place before the product can be marketed anywhere in the EU.
- The cosmetics industry faces the challenge to put risk into perspective and demonstrate the difference between risk and hazard. To help dispel myths and assumptions that all chemicals are dangerous to our health, the CTPA has information available on our consumer website and has published two white papers to challenge such perceptions.
- Cosmetic products are enjoyed by millions of people all over the world contributing to healthy lifestyles, well-being and confidence in appearance – something that over 93% of people in a 2004 survey for CTPA felt was important or very important to their self-esteem.
- The cosmetics industry takes sustainability very seriously and provides education and skills to communities worldwide to develop sustainable jobs and improve self-esteem in under-developed areas.
Historical use of cosmetics
Cosmetic products have been in existence for thousands of years –
- In 400 BC, Greek Olympic athletes covered their bodies with a ‘sunscreen’ mixture of sand and oil to protect their skin from the sun!
- The Chinese Cho Dynasty (600 BC) used gum, egg whites, gelatine and beeswax to create nail varnish.
- The use of henna as a hair colorant was first recorded around 1400-1500 BC.
- A soap formula was found written on a Babylonian tablet around 2200 BC.
- Ancient Romans used a mixture of soil and water in their hair, rolled with textiles and baked it in the sun to create temporary waves.
- In 5000 BC the Egyptians made a bath powder from myrhh, the powdered ashes of ox hooves, powdered and burnt eggshells and pumice.
- Use of perfume dates back to the beginning of mankind; the first perfume bottles were found in the Mediterranean in 7000 BC.